2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

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2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

Postby Richtubor » Thu Jun 13, 2019 5:30 am

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Question: Which of the following best describes the latin word confliqere

Answer:to strike together



Question: Which of these is not an expected outcome of an adversanal or conflictual relationship

Answer:None of the above



Question: The first person to develop insight into the beneficial consequences of cooperation as a subject of academic enquiry was

Answer:Deutsche



Question: Galtung 199670 71 delineates conflict into two flip sides

Answer:Scarce incompatible goals



Question: Since the end of Cold war the most destructive and pervasive conflicts in Africa

Answer:Ethnic conflict



Question: The article titled A theory of cooperation and competition was written in

Answer:1949



Question: The book titled The Resolution of Conflict was written in

Answer:1973



Question: proposed 1962 model of Graduated Initiatives in Tension Reduction GRIT

Answer:Osgood



Question: The authors of 1981 book Getting to Yes were Fisher and

Answer:Ury



Question: Which theory describe a situation when two parties or actors pursue the same scarce goal

Answer:Dispute theory



Question: Which scholar theorises that there can be destructive conflict among states based on systemic level societal level and individual level sources of international conflict

Answer:Levy



Question: is the proponent of frustration aggression theory

Answer:Dollard



Question: Which of the following is NOT conflict handling sytle

Answer:Listening



Question: Which of the following is NOT a feature of conflict avoidance

Answer:Outburst



Question: Which of the following is not an ingredient of value

Answer:Evidence



Question: Conflict transformation is concerned primarily with changing and perception

Answer:Attitude



Question: is a powerful tool for dealing with the perceptions and feelings that fuel conflict

Answer:Empathy



Question: conflicts occur because of the presence of strong negative misperceptions

Answer:Relationship



Question: What tool of conflict analysis takes into consideration factors that related to attitude behaviour and context of each of parties in the conflict

Answer:ABC Triangle



Question: Conflicts occur when people lack information necessary to make wise decisions

Answer:Data





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Re: 2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

Postby Richtubor » Thu Jun 13, 2019 5:31 am

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Question: Direct terminal violence against self can be described as

Answer:suicide



Question: Conflicts are caused by competition over perceived incompatible norms

Answer:Interest



Question: is one of the substantive issues in interest based conflict

Answer:Money



Question: is a psychological issue in interst based conflict

Answer:Perception



Question: conflicts are caused by forces external to the people in dispute

Answer:Structural



Question: conflict are caused by perceived or actual incompatible belief system

Answer:value



Question: Which track of Multi Track diplomacy refers to non governmental organisation

Answer:Track 2



Question: UNDP belongs to which category of organisation

Answer:International



Question: In handling style people tend to withdraw in order to avoid conflicts

Answer:withdrawal



Question: According to Friedrich is one of the stages of conflict escalation

Answer:calcification



Question: NAME

Answer:A: Dollard



Question: Which of the following is not included in the nine stages of conflict escalation according to Friedrich Glasl

Answer:Deflection



Question: Escalating conflicts are dangerous because of the following reasons except

Answer:conflicts can lead to Third World War



Question: some identifiable causes of conflict include the following except

Answer:value indifference



Question: Which of the following is not included as essential forms of conflict behaviour as presented by Roger Fisher and William Ury

Answer:satisfactory negotiation



Question: Which of the following is not a main advantage of arbitration over the law courts

Answer:Experienced arbitrators are readily available



Question: Which one of the following is not included in the different approaches to handling conflict

Answer:Transformation



Question: Mediation in protracted conflicts is a useful approach under the following conditions except

Answer:Where parties remain implacble



Question: Daniel Druckman offers the following suggestions for making research relevant to Practitioners except

Answer:include computer programming



Question: According to Michael E Salla on the evolution of conflict resolution as a field of academic study is one of the following except

Answer:C: both new and ancient



Question: Which of the following is not one of the suggested guidelines for the early stages of resolving conflict as contained in William Willimons Handbook of Practical Theology

Answer:B: Obtain the room temperature of the venue



Question: The following are the strategies to keep anger at bay except

Answer:Suppression



Question: Who among the following scholars have not contributed to the theory and practice of Interactive Conflict Resolution ICR

Answer:Adam Curle



Question: The following are components of Attitudes except

Answer:Moral Intention



Question: Which of the following is the most widely acclaimed nationality in Brainwashing

Answer:Chinese



Question: Which of the following is the correct order in the conflict progression cycle

Answer: conflict emerges manifests escalates deescalates and terminates



Question: Which of the following country is belief to be involved in using government to control the mind

Answer:America



Question: Parties in a conflict in terms of involvement can be categorized into the following except

Answer:Opposition parties



Question: Which of the following represent the basis for the whole idea of mind control

Answer:Psychology



Question: According to C Sampsons classification of religious intervention which of the following is not included in the roles

Answer:Arbitrators



Question: According the perspective of Social psychology conflict is driven by which of these actions

Answer:peoples collective fears and needs





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Re: 2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

Postby Richtubor » Thu Jun 13, 2019 5:32 am

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Question: Q1 The use of physical or emotional force, authority or pressure to obliged or constrain someone to act in a desired way can be referred to as what?

Answer: Compelling



Question: Q2 The outbreak of Maitasini riots in Kano in 1980 and 1987 Kafanchan crisis in Kaduna state were examples of �?��?��?�.. Conflict

Answer: Religious



Question: Q3 The following are steps to emotional preparedness except ______ Pick the incorrect option.

Answer: Readiness



Question: Q4 The disagreements arising as a result of differences in faith and belief between individuals, groups or community is called �?��?��?��?��?��?�

Answer: Religious conflict



Question: Q5 The acronym VAT means ___________ in peace studies

Answer: Verbal Aggressive Theory



Question: Q6 Stages of conflict comprises of the following

Answer: Latent/formation stage/ Escalation/de-escalation stage



Question: Q7 People usually find it difficult having or building trust in other because they might have been �?��?��?� at one time or the other

Answer: Emotionally Abuse



Question: Q8 Nigerian society is made up of the following heterogeneous characteristics of a plural society

Answer: Multi-religious, Multi-linguistic and Multi �?? ethnic



Question: Q9 Mediation process is made up of the following stages except one. Identify the wrong option.

Answer: Seeking the service of a lawyer



Question: Q10 What is referred to as historical theory or concept that rejects war as a means of settling dispute?

Answer: Pacifism



Question: Q11 In which of the following Universities does Gerald M. Blair work

Answer: University of Edinburg



Question: Q12 Identify the option that is not part of the merits of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

Answer: It breaks relationship



Question: Q13 How many suggestions did Daniel Druckman offered for making research relevant?

Answer: 3



Question: Q14 Escalation of violence is often described as a

Answer: Security Dilemma



Question: Q15 Communication is a function of �?��?��?�..?

Answer: Values, perception and communication style



Question: Q16 An emotional state that varies in intensity from mild irritation to intense fury and rage is referred to as

Answer: Anger



Question: Q17 A situation whereby the destruction, dissolution and confrontation ensued and hostile system is pursued intensively as a goal is called _______

Answer: Dissipation



Question: Q18 �?��?��?��?��?�. is a technique used to represent a conflict graphically, placing the parties in relation both to the problems and to each other

Answer: Conflict Mapping



Question: Q19 �?��?��?� does not only mean absence of conflict, crisis or war but also presence of justice, equity and social stability

Answer: Peace



Question: Q20 _________ a Quaker conciliator

Answer: Adam Curle







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Re: 2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

Postby Richtubor » Thu Jun 13, 2019 5:33 am

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Question: Q21 The theoretical insight propounded by advocates of conflict resolution that the Nuclear Arms Race could be diminished is known as _____

Answer: Game theory



Question: Q22 The International Court of Justice was established in __________ by the UN Charter

Answer: 1945



Question: Q23 The following are stages in group development except one. Pick the incorrect option.

Answer: Supporting, storming and forming



Question: Q24 The concept of empowerment and recognition is associated with �?��?��?��?��?�.

Answer: Transformative facilitation



Question: Q25 The ABC triangle in conflict resolution means

Answer: Attitude Behaviour and Content



Question: Q26 Social justice pursues social conduct based on the following premise except one. Pick the odd option

Answer: Impartiality, Equity and Fairness/just



Question: Q27 Pacifism means do not settle conflict with �?��?��?�..

Answer: Violence



Question: Q28 Negotiation as complex communication among multiple parties is a form of approach by

Answer: Organization theorists



Question: Q29 Louis Diamond and Ambassador John Mc Donald propounded _____

Answer: Multi �?? Track diplomacy



Question: Q30 An act of pursuing a social conduct based on justice, impartiality, legitimacy, equity and fairness in awarding what is due is called ------

Answer: Social Justice



Question: Q31 In what year were Churches in Zambia cooperated to monitor elections?

Answer: 1991



Question: Q32 Identify the nexus between Burton and Fisher and William Ury�??s models of conflict resolution

Answer: cooperative conflict behavior



Question: Q33 How can mutual expectation of conflict parties when targeting power be prevented?

Answer: Greater coercion



Question: Q34 Courts have the primary leverage of ________

Answer: Readily available



Question: Q35 Civilian oversight and legislative control of defence matters is a fact of �?��?��?��?� of the re-educating program and military professional

Answer: Fourth principle



Question: Q36 An effective conflict resolution process comprises three major approaches to decision making namely _____, ______ and ______

Answer: Affective approach, Cognitive approach, Evaluation approach



Question: Q37 A mental predisposition to act that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favour or disfavour is referred to as _____.

Answer: Attitude



Question: Q38 �?��?��?��?��?� is an act of sending and receiving information and giving feedback

Answer: Communication



Question: Q39 �??With formal mandate, and upon the invitation of the disputing parties, hears the issues in the conflict and discusses them with each side in a formal legal setting�?� is description of arbitration by �?��?��?��?�.

Answer: Albert



Question: Q40 Normative and ______ are the two types of socio-psychological processes that contribute to conflict escalation

Answer: Perceptual






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Re: 2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

Postby Richtubor » Thu Jun 13, 2019 5:33 am

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Question: Q41 In what year did the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence formed a Regional Resource Group

Answer: 1991



Question: Q42 Identify the conflict resolution methods

Answer: Mediation, Negotiation and Arbitration



Question: Q43 Feminism is global struggle aimed at addressing the oppression of �?��?��?� and create gender �?��?��?�..

Answer: Women,inequality



Question: Q44 Conflict de-escalator does not include

Answer: Self esteem



Question: Q45 Choose among the following options the one that is not part of active listening techniques

Answer: Confessing



Question: Q46 African traditional approaches to conflict prevention management and resolution consist of the following?

Answer: Blood covenant/ Message/information, Oath taking/use of marriage



Question: Q47 �?��?��?��?��?��?�. is a pacific mechanism in the management of conflict

Answer: Arbitration



Question: Q48 �?��?��?��?��?� attempts to combine conflict progression with different strategies management and prevention?

Answer: Michael Lund



Question: Q49 �??Extermination of the opponent at the price of self-extermination is seen as accepted�?� can be classified as -----

Answer: Together into the abyss



Question: Q50 What is a bed - fellow of mind control?

Answer: Timing



Question: Q51 The highest body of the UN when it comes to decision on peace and security is -------

Answer: Security Council



Question: Q52 The International Court of Justice (ICJ) was established in ------ by the UN Charter.

Answer: 1945



Question: Q53 Who defines mediation as " a process of conflict management, related to but distint from the parties' own negotiation

Answer: Bercovitch



Question: Q54 The -------- frameworks in negotiation are useful for drawing together experimental data into a more comprehensive, unified view

Answer: theoretical



Question: Q55 The international relations model stresses the place of -------- preparation in shaping the course of subsequent negotiation

Answer: prenegotiation



Question: Q56 Something which causes a conflict to get more intense, more quickly is called conflict -------

Answer: escalator



Question: Q57 All these are stages of conflict escalation except --------

Answer: retreat



Question: Q58 Friedrich Glasl defines nine stages of conflict escalation to describe the dynamics of escalation

Answer: Friedrich Glasl



Question: Q59 Escalating conflicts are also dangerous because they can get out ------

Answer: control



Question: Q60 Who attributes a spiral of violence to the logic of contentious interaction

Answer: Kriesberg






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Re: 2019 NOUN TMA Questions & Answers: PCR114 - Introduction to Conflict Resolution

Postby Richtubor » Thu Jun 13, 2019 5:34 am

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Question: Q61 Evolution of conflict resolution as a field of study was developed by ______.

Answer: John Burton



Question: Q62 Conflict analytical tools comprises of the following

Answer: Doughnut/Onion analytical tool/ The ABC triangle/ Conflict mapping



Question: Q63 Attitude consists of _______ components

Answer: 4



Question: Q64 A system of social organization in which descent and inheritance are treated through the female line is called

Answer: Matriarchy



Question: Q65 �?��?��?��?��?�.. strongly believes that ethnic conflicts are necessary for growth and development

Answer: John burton



Question: Q66 �?��?��?��?�. is a tool or technique by which the scope of a conflict is determined or ascertained

Answer: Conflict Analysis



Question: Q67 Ahimsa and _____________ are the two peace principles traceable to the Indian leader Mathama Gandhi

Answer: Satiyagraha



Question: Q68 Who attempts to combine conflict progression with different strategies management and prevention?

Answer: Michael Lund



Question: Q69 Religious conflict has to do with differences in --------

Answer: value



Question: Q70 Personality types contribute to conflict in the sense that we are ----- human beings

Answer: different



Question: Q71 Lewis Coser (1956:8) also defines conflict as �??A struggle over values and claims to secure status, power and -------- "

Answer: resources



Question: Q72 The following issues like interests, values, beliefs, emotions, goals, space, position and scares resources and ----- can cause conflict

Answer: all of them



Question: Q73 Frustration/Aggression Theory was propounded by ____

Answer: Dollard



Question: Q74 The three forms of conflict behavior are 'soft' and 'hard positional bargaining' and ------

Answer: principled negotiation



Question: Q75 Graduated Initiatives in Tension Reduction was a model developed by --------- in 1962

Answer: Charles Osgood



Question: Q76 The cold was wsa spearheaded by America and the ------ from two opposing sides

Answer: USSR



Question: Q77 The major arrowhead of World War 11 was --------

Answer: Adolph Hitler



Question: Q78 cooperation with tyrannical leaders would not elicit ------- responses

Answer: cooperative



Question: Q79 Rule of law, political agreements, religious authourity and brute forces are used by man to ------- conflict

Answer: resolve



Question: Q80 Conflict Resolution, Genetics and Alchemy: The evolution of Conflict Transmutation was written by ---
Answer: Micheal Salla



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