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2019_2 NOUN TMA1 Past Questions & Solutions: PCR111 - Introduction to Peace Studies

Posted: Mon Dec 30, 2019 9:25 am
by Jed
2019_2 NOUN TMA1 Past Questions & Solutions: PCR111 - Introduction to Peace Studies



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uestion
_____lays down the minimum protection and standards applicable to situations where people are most vulnerable in armed conflict

Answer
International Humanitarian law



Question
With what means do you understand the other party’s objectives?

Answer
Negotiation



Question
The Oslo Accords in 1993 was achieved through ___ strategy

Answer
Communication-facilitation strategies



Question
The mediator as a process person is like ________

Answer
Facilitator



Question
Michael Lund outlines the following essential elements found in complete conflict prevention planning and decision cycle except

Answer
Planning and execution



Question
What is the full meaning of ADR?

Answer
Alternative Dispute Resolution



Question
Integrative bargaining is also referred to as Bargaining

Answer
Interest based



Question
Mediation must take place at an optimal or ripe moment, as early mediation may be and late mediation may face too many

Answer
Premature



Question
______approach tend to result in win-lose outcome in which only one side perceive the outcome as positive

Answer
Competitive



Question
What does the acronym ICSID stands for ____

Answer
International Center for the Settlement of Investment Dispute





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Re: 2019_2 NOUN TMA1 Past Questions & Solutions: PCR111 - Introduction to Peace Studies

Posted: Mon Dec 30, 2019 9:29 am
by Jed
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1 As a pluralistic state,Nigeria can function better in a

federal system of government

2 Which of the following is not a component of Onion Analytical Tool?

location

3 Integrative Theory emphasises on ---

the problem

4 The Psycho 􀳦?? dynamic perspective on conflict is traceable to

Freud

5 Jainism is a reformed sect of -----

Hinduism

6 Which of the following scholars is not renowned for peace studies?

Maltus

7 The ----- was credited to Bishop Augustino

just war theory

8 Which of the following is not among the merits of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)?

It breaks relationship

9 Which of the following best represents the elements of African traditional approaches to conflict
prevention, management and resolution?

Blood covenant/ Message/information, Oath taking/use of marriage

10 What does the acronym VAT stands for in peace studies

Verbal Aggressive Theory

11 The two principles of peace whose origin could be traced to the Indian leader mahatma Gandhi, are

Ahimsa and Satyagraha

12 The following are the products of conflict except ---

Injustice, Discomfort and Injustice

13 The concept of empowerment and recognition is associated with _______.

Transformative facilitation

14 The acronym VAT means ___________ in peace studies

Verbal Aggressive Theory

15 Social justice pursues social conduct based on the following premise except ---

Impartiality, Equity and Fairness/just

16 Most child soldiers are forcefully enlisted into armed forces in which of the following ways?

Kidnapping/raids/ Conscription/ Press-ganging

17 Identify the option that is not part of the merits of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

resource-consuming

18 Ethnic group consist of the following characteristics except ---

Similar / Same skin colour

19 Choose the option that is not part of active listening techniques

Threatening

20 Ritual Treaties and Blood Covenant are instruments of conflict management in ---

traditional African society






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Re: 2019_2 NOUN TMA1 Past Questions & Solutions: PCR111 - Introduction to Peace Studies

Posted: Mon Dec 30, 2019 9:30 am
by Jed
Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

21 Social formations distinguished by the common character of their boundary is ---

sects

22 Which of the following is not a stage of conflict---

emotion

23 Which of the following emphasizes the motivation of workers as a means of preventing industrial
conflict?

Human Resource Perspective

24 The theory of --- postulates non-violent means of negotiating disputes in

pacifism

25 reliable institutions for managing conflicts can promote ---

sustainable peace

26 Conflicting parties in social conflict usually for --- struggle between opponents

values and claims

27 The annulment of ----- presidential election resulted in escalated political conflict in Nigeria

June twelve 1993

28 General Abdulsalami Abubakar handed over to Olusegung Obasanjo in

1999

29 In the traditional African society ---- was not a pronounced conflict-generating variable, ,

religion

30 What does delusion theory of conflict connote?

Conflict prevention is unrealistic and will not work it is a waste of time

31 The technique of using graphic symbols to represent and examine the relationship and concerns of
parties to a conflict is known as

Mapping

32 The dispute over the ownership of Bakassi between Nigeria and Cameroon took the ICJ _______ to
deliver its ruling

8 years

33 The biological difference(s) between a male and a female is referred to as

Sex

34 analysis is nothing, but social, historical

Attitude Behaviour and Content

35 Which of the following de-emphasizes gender issues in conflict generation and management

Gender Education

36 Military rule is regarded as an _______ because their control of power is forcefully carried out
through a ________.

Aberration and Coup d' etat

37 Identify the option that does not constitute road block to communication among the following

Encouraging, restating, clarifying

38 educational approaches

West Africa

39 Which of the following contains multifaceted approaches to conflict management and peacebuilding?

Peace Education

40 _____________ is a technique used to represent a conflict graphically, placing the parties in relation
both to the problems and to each other

Conflict Mapping





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Re: 2019_2 NOUN TMA1 Past Questions & Solutions: PCR111 - Introduction to Peace Studies

Posted: Mon Dec 30, 2019 9:33 am
by Jed
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Whatsapp: 08155572788


41 A technique used for graphic representation of conflict is ---

Conflict Mapping

42 Conflict can occur as a result of the following except

sustained social order

43 Pruitt and Kimmel are the original proponents of ----

Experimental Game Research

44 ADR does not contain one of the following

litigation

45 One of the following is not an element of political cooperation

dictatorship

46 A state of justice, equity and social stability epitomises ---
negative peace

pisitive peace

47 Why are states or nations not enthusiastic in subscribing to International Court of

Optimal clause

48 Which of the following is not a component of positive peace?

sporadic attacks

49 Which among the following is not part of the characteristics of small arms.

Values, perception and communication style

50 United Nations was established in the year _________.

1945

51 The settlement of international dispute between states usually takes place at ___________.

International Court of justice

52 The disagreements arising as a result of differences in faith and belief between individuals, groups or
community is called _______


Religious conflict

53 The amalgamation of the colony of Lagos, and the protectorates of Southern and Northern Nigeria
took place in the year __________.

1914

54 Stages of Conflicts comprises of the following except one. Identify the odd option

Pacifist stage

55 Peace is usually viewed from two major perspectives namely

Traditional and contemporary perspectives

56 Mediation process is made up of the following stages except one. Identify the wrong option.

Seeking the service of a lawyer

57 Identify the non-voilent conflict resolution methods among the following

Mediation, Negotiation and Arbitration

58 Conflict is a product of the following except ---

Reconciliation

59 adopted a moratorium on small Arms and Light Weapon which aimed to combat the proliferation of
these weapons in 1998.

ECOWAS

60 ____________ and _____________ are the two principles of peace traceable to the Indian leader
Mathama Gandhi

Ahimsa and Satiyagraha

61 The -----show the different forces influencing a conflict situation

Forces-Field Analysis

62 CMM stands for

Coordinated Management of Meaning CMM

63 The evolution of Field Theory analysis is credeted to

Kurt Lewin

64 Satyagraha symbolises ----

the pursuit of truth

65 In a heteregenious society, ---- can promote national intergration Balance political power sharing can

balance political power sharing

66 Nigeria is an example of a --- society

heterogeneous

67 Which of the following options is not among the sources of conflict in traditional societies?

Perception

68 Which of the following does not negate even communication in conflict resolution

understanding

69 When was the Muratorium on Small Arms and light weapons adopted by the ECOWAS

1998

70 The various causes of conflict have been classified into


Psychological, Information management and Inter group conflict

71 The outbreak of Maitasini riots in Kano in 1980 and 1987 Kafanchan crisis in Kaduna state were
examples of _____ Conflict

Religious

72 Which of the following is the best for managing inter-group conflict?

dialouge

73 The African Union (AU) Summit held in Cairo established a mechanism for conflict prevention
management and resolution in the year

1993

74 Social justice pursues social conduct based on the following premise except

Nepotism

75 The following are causes of Religious Conflict except

inter-faith tolerance

76 Ideological religious and culturally motivated types of conflict are categorized as ____________ based
conflict

Value

77 Identify the conflict resolution methods

Mediation, Negotiation and Arbitration

78 Communication is a function of _____________?

Values, perception and communication style

79 Which of the following is a factor of Nation Building

Democratic Empowerment

80 Nigeria is an example of a ------- society

democratic







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